- 1485 - The Battle of Bosworth Field decisively ends the Wars of the Roses
- 1989 - Nolan Ryan strikes out Rickey Henderson to become the first Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5000 strikeouts.
- 2001 - the Trojan room coffee pot is switched off for the last time.
- 1893 - Dorothy Parker, American writer (d. 1967)
- 1939 - Carl Yastrzemski, baseball player
- 1922 - Michael Collins (b. 1890), Commander-in-Chief of the Irish Free State Army is shot dead during an ambush at Beal na mBlath, County Cork, during the Irish Civil War.